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titanium slag smelting process

  • ARPA-E | Direct Titanium Production from Titanium Slag

    Primary production of lightweight metals such as titanium is an energy-intensive and expensive process that results in significant carbon dioxide (CO 2) and other emissions.Lowering the energy consumption, cost, and emissions associated with processing titanium would make it more competitive with incumbent structural metals such as steel.

  • An overview of the Namakwa Sands ilmenite smelting …

    mineral concentration, separation, and smelting operations. The smelting process comprises the carbonaceous reduction of ilmenite to produce titania slag with a TiO2 content of 86%, and iron with a carbon content of 2.5%. The Namakwa Sands smelter, situated near the Saldanha Bay harbour, commenced smelting operations in 1994,

  • TiZir Titanium and Iron | TiZir Limited

    The smelting process at TTI involves the reduction of the iron oxides from the ilmenite with everything else reporting to the slag. The separation of the iron lifts the titanium dioxide content from approximately 54% in the ilmenite to approximately 87% in the slag. High-purity pig iron – a valuable co-product


    process) or rotary kiln (nonslagging process) to form metallic iron and titanium oxide [2]. Several technologies today are using smelting technique to produce TiO2 slag and pig iron from ilmenite ore [3]. In this process, most of the Fe2O3 and FeO are reduced to metallic iron with a small amount of ferrous iron left in the slag to make it ...

  • Appropriate titanium slag composition during smelting of ...

    Briefly, even though many previous works [21âˆ'25] about the blast furnace titanium slag were done, the suitable composition of higher titanium slag with MgTi2O5 as the main phase for smelting vanadium titanomagnetite by the DRâˆ'EF process is not very clear.

  • Oxygen Potential of High-Titania Slag from the Smelting ...

    Oxygen Potential of High-Titania Slag from the Smelting Process of Ilmenite Article in Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B · May 2019 with 30 Reads DOI: 10.1007/s11663-019-01585-1


    Electro Smelting of Ilmenite for Production of Tio 2 Slag – Potential of India as a Global Player 827 in reduction of a portion of the Ti to Ti 2O3, which is less soluble in sulfuric acid and hence such slags are not suitable for the sulfate process pigment production.

  • Research Progress on Making Titanium Dioxide from High ...

    Research Progress on Making Titanium Dioxide from High Titanium Slag 07-25-2016 High titanium slag, enrichment gained from the process of heating and smelting titanic iron ore in the furnace, has been widely used across China.

  • A literature review of titanium slag metallurgical processes

    PDF | Basic procedure of ilmenite smelting and rational Ti slag grade in pyrometallurgical process have been summarized and analyzed. The rational Ti slag grade is related to reduction degree, FeO ...

  • Slag - Wikipedia

    Slag from steel mills in ferrous smelting, on the other hand, is designed to minimize iron loss and so mainly contains oxides of calcium, silicon, magnesium, and aluminium. Any sandy component or quartz component of the original ore automatically carries through the smelting process as silicon dioxide.

  • smelting plant that process magnetite and titanium

    Industrial Process Profiles for Environmental Use: Chapter 26 ... Titanium metal reduction plants employed 2 about 950 people. ... It is produced by smelting a mixture of carbon and titanium-bearing material to yield ... coke is added to hematite, ilme- nite and magnetic ilmenite ores in …

  • Ilmenite Chlorination - 911metallurgist.com

    At slag flowrates of 4.5 kg/h, the pellets experienced approximately 4 h residence time in the heated zones. Product samples were taken every half- hour. Typical reactor system operating variables are shown in table 5. The reacted titanium slag was leached in a stirred water solution, using a hatch process, in a 189-L tank.

  • Production of titanium slag - Billiton SA Limited

    Dec 07, 1999· A process for producing titanium slag which is low in radioactivity wherein molten titanium slag, produced by smelting ilmenite in the presence of a reductant in a DC electric arc furnace, is separated from molten iron, boron in an amount which is less than 2.5% equivalent B 2 O 3 of the slag is blended with the molten slag which thereafter is allowed to cool to form a glassy phase which ...

  • Upgrading of titaniaslag: a mineralogical perspective - MINTEK

    Slag stripping 2-stage smelting process • 1st stage: high-purity pig iron and 86% TiO2 slag (when applied to ilmenitesmelting) • Hot slag transfer to stripping furnace • 2nd stage: high-grade slag (>90% TiO2) and impure metal

  • US2647826A - Titanium smelting process - Google Patents

    US2647826A US143000A US14300050A US2647826A US 2647826 A US2647826 A US 2647826A US 143000 A US143000 A US 143000A US 14300050 A US14300050 A US 14300050A US 2647826 A US2647826 A US 2647826A Authority US United States Prior art keywords titanium media reaction gas magnesium Prior art date 1950-02-08 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a …

  • Ilmenite Smelting & Drying - in-ho-group.snu.ac.kr

    Titanium Oxide Slag Liquid Steel ... The Smelting Process is Continuous: A single calculation is thus required. SMELTER SIMULATION Ore Feed Ore feed was assumed to come from the Rotary Kiln at 1000 °C. The composition was reacted at the same temperature in order to identify the stable phases.

  • The KIVCET Smelting Process | Total Materia Blog

    The process waste gas, which is rich in SO 2, is withdrawn through the waste-gas shaft, which is set up adjacent to the smelting shaft. Lead bullion and slag are tapped from the electric furnace. Lead bullion and slag are tapped from the electric furnace.

  • titanium slag production process - cobmaastricht.nl

    US5997606A Production of titanium slag Google Patents. A process for producing titanium slag which is low in radioactivity wherein molten titanium slag, produced by smelting ilmenite in the presence of a reductant in a DC electric arc furnace, is separated from molten iron, boron in an amount which is less than % equivalent B 2 O 3 of the slag ...

  • Investigation into properties of titanium bearing molten ...

    AbstractWith the increased use of smelting reduction processes, it is necessary to study some important properties of smelting reduction slags, which are different from those through the BF route. In this research, chemical reagents are utilised to simulate the real slag, the activities of FeO in slag and the viscosities of FeO–CaO–SiO2–Al2O3–MgO–TiO2–V2O5 slag system were measured ...

  • WO2017087997A1 - Improved ilmenite smelting process ...

    [0048] Continuous smelting of partially reduced ilmenite pellets (approx.. 70% prereduction yield) was carried out to demonstrate stable furnace operation as well as production of a consistent slag quality, in particular, a slag Ti0 2 grade above 85%. The test work also had the objective of confirming the process specific energy requirement.

  • Titanium Manufacturing Process - YouTube

    Oct 15, 2007· This feature is not available right now. Please try again later.

  • titanium slag plant technology china - YouTube

    Aug 25, 2016· The metallurgical process at Hillendale Mine comprises three distinct sections: The Primary Wet Plant ("PWP") where RoM material is initially feasibility slag …


    (Nayl et al., 2009). In spite of high power consumption, smelting of ilmenite or titanium-bearing ore has several advantages over the synthetic rutile route by chemical process. The major advantages of the slag technology are: high titanium content, low waste generation, being suitable for sulphate and chloride processes, low chemicals

  • Extractive Metallurgy of Vanadium-Containing Titaniferous ...

    Jun 06, 2006· The development of titanium carbides and nitrides in the blast furnace slags leads to a dense slag with entrained iron, slag sediment in the furnace hearth, periodical "huge slag effusion" and ...

  • Process mechanisms in ilmenite smelting - SAIMM

    Process mechanisms in ilmenite smelting 654 DECEMBER 2004 The Journal of The South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Figure 1—Liquidus diagram for the TiO2-FeTiO3-Ti2O3 system excluding Magnéli phases. Broken lines indicate isothermal slag/(slag + Fe°) boundaries.

  • Ilmenite - Wikipedia

    Ilmenite can be converted into pigment grade titanium dioxide via either the sulfate process or the chloride process. Ilmenite can also be improved and purified to Rutile using the Becher process. Ilmenite ores can also be converted to liquid iron and a titanium rich slag using a smelting process.

  • Chemistry and Mineralogy of Titanium-rich Slags

    crude titania-rich slag is further acid-leached under a high-pressure and moderate-temperature hydrometallurgical process to yield an upgraded titania slag with 94.5 mass percent TiO 2. The chemistry and mineralogy of these synthetic titania-rich feedstock's is unique among other industrial products and relatively complex due to several factors.


    - by smelting concentrates (after they have been lumped) in the blast furnace, with the subsequent recovery of va-nadium from the pig iron and titanium from the slag; - by means of the pyro-hydrometallurgical processing of the titanium-magnetite concentrate, as a result of which vanadium is obtained by precipitating its compounds

  • SPECIAL SECTION/REFRACTORIES: Improving Ilmenite Smelting

    Mar 01, 2009· A typical ilmenite smelting DC furnace is shown in Figure 1. The ilmenite smelting process is conducted within a crucible of solidified, high-titanium-content slags (known as the freeze lining) contained within the furnace refractory walls.

  • Beneficiation processes - Rio Tinto

    Smelting process. The smelting technology used at RBM was originally developed and proven at Quebec Iron and Titanium (QIT Fer et Titane) in Sorel, Canada, where coarse ilmenite is smelted to produce a high-TiO 2 slag and pig iron in similar furnaces. This technology was adapted for RBM to process the fine ilmenite concentrate mined on the ...

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